Mammals

More than 40 species of mammals6,7,8 have been recorded on Olympus, the most common being the Balkan chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), stone marten (Martes foina), wild boar (Sus scrofa), fox (Vulpes vulpes), red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), wild cat (Felis sylvestris), and many species of bats (Barbastella barbastellus, Eptesicus serotinus, Plecotus kolombatovici, Pipistrellus pygmaeus). Large carnivores such as the brown bear (Ursus arctos) and the wolf (Canis lupus) are transient throughout the mountain and its foothills. The Balkan chamois is probably the most representative mammal associated with Mount Olympus, as it can be easily observed by hikers and visitors during the summer months in the alpine zone.

Among the mammals of Olympus, 20 species are included in the Habitat’s Directive 92/43/EEC, as well as a few endangered (EN) and vulnerable (VU) species from the Red Book of Endangered Animals of Greece9.

Gallery

Mammals included in the EU Directive 92/43/EE and the Red Book of Endangered Animals of Greece

Α/ΑSPECIESCOMMON NAMEPROTECTION STATUS
1Barbastella barbastellusBarbastelleAnnex ΙΙ, ΕΝ
2Canis lupusWolfAnnex IV, VU
3Capreolus capreolusRoe deerVU
4Eptesicus serotinusSerotine batAnnex IV
5Felis silvestrisWild catAnnex IV
6Hypsugo saviiSavi’s pipistrelleAnnex IV
7Miniopterus schreibersiiCommon bentwing / Schreiber’s batAnnex ΙΙ
8Myotis emarginatusGeoffroy’s batAnnex ΙΙ
9Nyctalus lasiopterusGreater noctuleAnnex IV, VU
10Nyctalus leisleriLesser noctule / Leisler’s batAnnex IV
11Pipistrellus kuhlii Kuhl’s pipistrelleAnnex IV
12Pipistrellus nathusiiNathusius pipistrelleAnnex IV
13Pipistrellus pipistrellusCommon pipistrelleAnnex IV
14Pipistrellus pygmaeusSoprano pipistrelleAnnex IV
15Plecotus kolombatoviciKolombatovic’s long-eared bat Annex IV
16Rhinolophus ferrumequinumGreater horseshoe bat Annex. ΙΙ
17Rhinolophus hipposiderosLesser horseshoe batAnnex ΙΙ
18Rupicapra rupicapra balcanicaBalkan chamoisAnnex ΙΙ
19Tadarida teniotisEuropean free-tailed batAnnex IV
20Ursus arctos*Brown bearAnnex ΙΙ, ΕΝ
21Vespertilio murinusParti-coloured batAnnex IV

Priority species of EU Directive 92/43/ΕE are denoted with an asterisk*.

ΕΝ= Endangered

VU= Vulnerable

Explanatory notes

Priority habitats / Species: Natural habitats and species that are in danger of disappearance  for the conservation of which the Community has particular responsibility in view of the proportion of their natural range which falls within its territory. They are denoted by an asterisk (*) in Annexes I and II and special measures apply to them.

Annex I Habitat types of EU Habitat’s Directive 92/43/EEC: Natural habitat types of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.

Annex II Species of EU Habitat’s Directive 92/43/EEC: Animal and plant species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.

d Annex IV Species of EU Habitat’s Directive 92/43/EEC: Animal and plant species of community interest in need of strict protection.

e Annex Ι species of EU Wild Bird’s Directive 2009/147/ΕEC: Species that are subject to special conservation measures concerning their habitat in order to ensure their survival and reproduction in their area of distribution.

References

«Specialized Environmental Study of Olympus National Park» (2010). Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Dept. of Environmental Planning, Division for the Management of the Natural Environment.

Tsitsoni Th., Fotiadis G., ELKE-AUTH (2015). «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Habitat Types of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

Council Directive 92/43/EEC “On the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora”.

4  Strid, A. (1980). Wild Flowers of Mount Olympus. Goulandri Natural History Museum, Athens.

Tsitsoni Th., Fotiadis G., Tsitinis G., ELKE-AUTH (2015). «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Plant species of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

Sokos, Ch., Birtsas P., Hatzinikos E., Bontzorlos V., Papaspyropoulos, Κ., et al., TECHNOOMOIOSTASI-YLORIKI-LOUVITAKIS (2015). «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Mammals of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

Olympus National Park Management Agency (2017). Technical Report 2016 on the Monitoring of Environmental Parameters, Litochoro.

Olympus National Park Management Agency (2016). Technical Report 2015 on the Monitoring of Environmental Parameters, Litochoro.

Legakis, A. & Maragou, P. (2009). The Red Book of Endangered Animals of Greece.Hellenic Zoological Society, Athens.

10 Bousbouras, D. & YETOS Ο.Ε. (2015). «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Birds of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency».  Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

11 Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 30 November 2009 “On the Conservation of Wild Birds”.

12 Ioannidis I., Papamichail G., GEOANALYSIS Α.Ε. (2015) «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Amphibians & Reptiles of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

13 Pamperis, L. (2009).  The Butterflies of Greece. 2nd edition, PAMPERI & ΚΟΑΝ publishers, Athens. Website www.pamperis.gr for updates on the book.

14 Avtzis D., Kaltsas D., TECHNOOMOIOSTASI-YLORIKI-LOUVITAKIS (2015) «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Invertebrates of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

15 Presidential Decree 67/1981 (Hellenic Government Gazette No. 23 Α’/30-1-1981) “On the protection of native flora and wild fauna and the procedures for the coordination and control of their research”.

16 Heath, J. (1981) Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe.

17 Tolmann, T. & Lewington, R. (2008). Collins Butterfly Guide: The Most Complete Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe. 3rd Edition, HarperCollins UK.

18 Speight M.C.D. (1989). Saproxylic invertebrates and their conservation. Council of Europe.