Amphibians and Reptiles

Thirty-four species of amphibians and reptiles are found on Olympus, namely 10 amphibian species and 24 reptile species, according to the latest data for the area12,7,8. Medium and low altitudes are inhabited by tortoises (Testudo hermannii, Testudo marginata), snakes (Zamenis longissimus, Coronella austriaca, Vipera ammodytes, Natrix tessellata, Zamenis situla, Elaphe quatorlineata, Malpolon insignitus), newts (Triturus macedonicus, Triturus vulgaris), frogs (Rana dalmatina, Rana graeca, Pelophylax kurtmuelleri, Hyla arborea), toads (Bombina variegata, Bufo bufo, Bufotes viridis) and lizards (Ablepharus kitaibelli, Pseudopus apodus, Podarcis muralis, Lacerta viridis). Among them, 25 species are listed in the Habitat’s Directive Annexes.

Gallery

Amphibians & Reptiles protected under EU Directive 92/43/EEC

Α/ΑSPECIESCOMMON NAMEDIRECTIVE ANNEXES
1Ablepharus kitaibeliiEuropean copper skinkIV
2Bombina variegataYellow-bellied toadΙΙ
3Bufotes viridisEuropean green toadIV
4Coronella austriacaSmooth snakeIV
5Dolichophis caspiusCaspian whipsnakeIV
6Elaphe quatuorlineataFour-lined snakeΙΙ
7Hierophis gemonensisBalkan whipsnakeIV
8Hyla arboreaEuropean tree frogIV
9Lacerta trilineataBalkan green lizardIV
10Lacerta viridisEuropean green lizardIV
11Mediodactylus kotschyi Kotschyi’s geckoIV
12Natrix tessellataDice snakeIV
13Platyceps najadumDahl’s whipsnakeIV
14Podarcis erhardiiErhard’s wall lizardIV
15Podarcis muralisCommon wall lizardIV
16Podarcis tauricusBalkan wall lizardIV
17Pseudopus apodusEuropean glass lizardIV
18Rana dalmatinaAgile frogIV
19Rana graecaGreek stream frogIV
20Telescopus fallaxEuropean cat snakeIV
26Testudo hermaniiHermann’s tortoiseΙΙ
21Testudo marginataEmarginated tortoiseΙΙ
22Triturus macedonicusMacedonian crested newtΙΙ
23Vipera ammodytesHorned viperIV
24Zamenis longissimusAesculapian snakeIV
25Zamenis situlaEuropean ratsnake or leopard snakeΙΙ
Explanatory notes

Priority habitats / Species: Natural habitats and species that are in danger of disappearance  for the conservation of which the Community has particular responsibility in view of the proportion of their natural range which falls within its territory. They are denoted by an asterisk (*) in Annexes I and II and special measures apply to them.

Annex I Habitat types of EU Habitat’s Directive 92/43/EEC: Natural habitat types of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.

Annex II Species of EU Habitat’s Directive 92/43/EEC: Animal and plant species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.

d Annex IV Species of EU Habitat’s Directive 92/43/EEC: Animal and plant species of community interest in need of strict protection.

e Annex Ι species of EU Wild Bird’s Directive 2009/147/ΕEC: Species that are subject to special conservation measures concerning their habitat in order to ensure their survival and reproduction in their area of distribution.

References

«Specialized Environmental Study of Olympus National Park» (2010). Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Dept. of Environmental Planning, Division for the Management of the Natural Environment.

Tsitsoni Th., Fotiadis G., ELKE-AUTH (2015). «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Habitat Types of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

Council Directive 92/43/EEC “On the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora”.

4  Strid, A. (1980). Wild Flowers of Mount Olympus. Goulandri Natural History Museum, Athens.

Tsitsoni Th., Fotiadis G., Tsitinis G., ELKE-AUTH (2015). «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Plant species of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

Sokos, Ch., Birtsas P., Hatzinikos E., Bontzorlos V., Papaspyropoulos, Κ., et al., TECHNOOMOIOSTASI-YLORIKI-LOUVITAKIS (2015). «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Mammals of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

Olympus National Park Management Agency (2017). Technical Report 2016 on the Monitoring of Environmental Parameters, Litochoro.

Olympus National Park Management Agency (2016). Technical Report 2015 on the Monitoring of Environmental Parameters, Litochoro.

Legakis, A. & Maragou, P. (2009). The Red Book of Endangered Animals of Greece.Hellenic Zoological Society, Athens.

10 Bousbouras, D. & YETOS Ο.Ε. (2015). «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Birds of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency».  Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

11 Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 30 November 2009 “On the Conservation of Wild Birds”.

12 Ioannidis I., Papamichail G., GEOANALYSIS Α.Ε. (2015) «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Amphibians & Reptiles of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

13 Pamperis, L. (2009).  The Butterflies of Greece. 2nd edition, PAMPERI & ΚΟΑΝ publishers, Athens. Website www.pamperis.gr for updates on the book.

14 Avtzis D., Kaltsas D., TECHNOOMOIOSTASI-YLORIKI-LOUVITAKIS (2015) «Surveillance and evaluation of the conservation status of Invertebrates of European Community Interest in the area of jurisdiction of Olympus National Park Management Agency». Phase D’. ONPMA, RDP Macedonia-Thrace 2007-2013.

15 Presidential Decree 67/1981 (Hellenic Government Gazette No. 23 Α’/30-1-1981) “On the protection of native flora and wild fauna and the procedures for the coordination and control of their research”.

16 Heath, J. (1981) Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe.

17 Tolmann, T. & Lewington, R. (2008). Collins Butterfly Guide: The Most Complete Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe. 3rd Edition, HarperCollins UK.

18 Speight M.C.D. (1989). Saproxylic invertebrates and their conservation. Council of Europe.